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Non-Series Games → 1914: Glory's End / When Eagles Fight

1914: Glory's End / When Eagles Fight

Banner designs by Rodger B. MacGowan



Note: All samples below are from playtest graphics, not final game art. GMT Games claims no copyright on these images. Copyright remains with the original creator.

Regular Price: $59.00
 P500 Price: $41.00 

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Product Rating: (4.50)   # of Ratings: 4   (Only registered customers can rate)

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Showing comments 1-3 of 3
1. Tony on 11/13/2013, said:

Two fun 'go-to' games that can played to completion in an evening. I hope this starts a trend for GMT to bring back more of the classic COMMAND magazine games to a new and old, appreciative gaming audience.
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2. Kenneth on 7/10/2012, said:

After reading about this game here I bought it used and have been playing and enjoying it. I agree with both of the earlier comments - counters with figures instead of the NATO symbols would be great, the counter design from Worthington Games' Guns of August is a good model. I would also like to get a mounted map - even if I had to buy it separately.
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3. Steven on 6/11/2012, said:

I owned the original from the old Command Magazine. I loved it so much that I searched and bought it from a 2nd hand wargame store on the internet after my previous wife threw it out. Please use icon counters with the cool uniforms from the time. NATO counters are boring to look at. Counters with color and uniformed soldiers are more fun. I am often more likely to buy games if the counters look cool.
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Showing comments 1-3 of 3

Note from GMT - November 13, 2013: Many of you have suggested that you'd like to see us offer the remakes of Ted's two award winning WWI games together in one package. We've decided to rework our package and pricing to make that happen, resulting in only a $10 increase in retail price for both games over each previous single-game package. We hope you enjoy this savings and will support Ted's games in this format. You'll find full writeups on each of the games (sequentially) below. Enjoy the games!


Before the award-winning World War I designs Paths of Glory and The Great War In Europe, Deluxe Edition, designer Ted S. Raicer had revived interest in gaming the Great War with a series of WWI campaign games for the late lamented Command magazine. GMT is proud to present a set of revised boxed editions of these classic “players-games”.

Winner of the Charles S. Roberts award for best pre-WWII boardgame, When Eagles Fight covers the eastern front in World War I, the last war of Tsarist Russia, Habsburg Austria, and Imperial Germany. From 1914 to 1917 the armies of the Tsar battled from the Carpathians to the Baltic against the outnumbered but logistically superior German army and the badly-led multi-ethnic forces of Austria-Hungary (the Central Powers). Though repeatedly inflicting massive defeats on the Habsburg armies, the Russians were ultimately undone by the skill and firepower of the German army and the collapsing political structure of the Tsarist autocracy. By March 1917 the 300 year-old Romanov dynasty was no more, and the stage was set for the coming of Lenin and the Bolsheviks. But the empire of the Habsburgs was left mortally wounded, and the Kaiser’s Germany would meet its own doom less than two years later on the battlefields of the western front.

When Eagles Fight recreates this titanic struggle from the initial clashes at Tannenberg and in Galicia to the revolution that brought down Tsar Nicholas II.  The large-hex map covers  the eastern front of the Great War from the northern tip of Romania to Petrograd, and from  Berlin to Smolensk at a scale of 25 miles to the hex. Turns represent one or two months, and combat units range from division to (mostly) corps. 

When Eagles Fight is a game of vast offensives and counteroffensives across Polish plains, Hungarian mountains, and Russian swamps and forests, fought by three very different armies. The Tsarist forces are large, with some powerful units and seemingly endless replacements, but suffering from potentially crippling shortages of arms and ammunition. The Austrian army is initially capable but losses will permanently reduce the combat power of Habsburg units, caused by the deaths of junior officers and NCOs, the glue holding this polyglot army together.  Though outnumbered, the Imperial Germany army is in a powerful class by itself, but the demands of other fronts of the Great War limit the forces the Kaiser’s generals can bring to bear.

The German need to win an early victory in the east to free up forces on the western front places the Central Powers in a strategically offensive role: they must bring down the Tsar by April 1917 or lose the game. But the weakness of their Austrian ally means that the Germans must beware a Russian offensive that might see the “Russian steamroller” flatten the Habsburg Empire. This creates a dynamic situation in which both players get to attack and defend.

When Eagles Fight has a set of low-complexity rules, without sacrificing the historical elements of this unique theater of the Great War. The combat results table is bloody and attritional, but allows for breakthroughs with the right tactics or artillery support. The greater operational skills of the German army is shown in the use of the OberOst HQ, which allows additional attacks on a select part of the front. The Russian supreme headquarters, Stavka, in turn has the ability to concentrate their limited supplies to overcome logistical shortages. And the surprise tactics of the Brusilov Offensive can allow a late game victory over the Austrians.

Other rules cover the slow pace of Russian mobilization, Austrian Lock-Step Planning in the opening days of the war, German heavy artillery, fortifications, Russian Guards forces, Cavalry Retreats, and the effects of events on other fronts.

But the new edition of When Eagles Fight is more than just a reprint of the original version. The Random Events Table has been modified. The effects if the Germans do not launch a Verdun offensive in France-which sometimes threw off the balance of the original design- have been revised. Changes in the stacking rules for combat after 1914 more accurately reflect the effect of trenches on the course of the campaigns. And the map now contains the rail lines removed by Command from the first edition. The game also includes a short alternative-history scenario in which the bulk of the German army goes east rather than west in August 1914.

These changes make this an improved edition of an already award-winning design. Tense, historical, and just plain fun, When Eagles Fight is a game that belongs in the collection of everyone with an interest in the Great War!


  • One 176 counter 5/8th countersheets
  • One 88 counter 5/8th countersheets
  • One standard large hex mapsheet
  • Rulebook
  • Two player aids cards
  • Two  Event Chit Cards
  • Two standard dice


Designer: Ted Raicer









Before the award-winning World War I designs Paths of Glory and The Great War In Europe, Deluxe Edition, designer Ted S. Raicer had revived interest in gaming the Great War with a series of WWI campaign games for the late lamented Command magazine. GMT is proud to present a set of revised boxed editions of these classic “players-games”.

In August 1914, Imperial Germany gambled its future on a rapid conquest of France, designed to free up the German army within six weeks to face the Russian steamroller of France’s Tsarist ally on the eastern front. Seven German armies deployed opposite five French armies, the army of “plucky little Belgium”, and the “Old Contemptibles” of the British Expeditionary Force in a series of battles that turned August and September 1914 into the bloodiest months of the entire war.  

The campaign opened with the French launching their infamous Plan XVII offensive to regain the lost provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, an offensive that ended in disaster against the massed machine guns and artillery of the German defenders. Yet even as Plan XVII came to grief, the real threat came from the north, where three German armies wheeled through Belgium and northern France on their way to Paris. 

The Germans used the war’s first secret weapon (the giant howitzers of Krupp and the Austrian Skoda works) to smash the Belgian forts at Liege and Namur and send the Belgian army to seek the safety of the fortress of Antwerp. Marching south from Brussels, the advancing Germans suffered a bloody nose as they stumbled into guns of the professional British soldiers of the BEF at Mons and Le Cateau. But the British and French failed to coordinate their actions, and vastly outnumbered, were soon retreating to the gates of Paris. There, the Germans, exhausted from weeks of forced marching in the brutal summer sun, met freshly arriving French reinforcements in the Miracle of the Marne. 

The threat to Paris was ended until 1918, but the campaign was not yet decided, as both sides tried to outflank one another in the Race to the Sea (actually the English Channel). As the beginnings of the trench warfare took hold, the Germans launched one last attack to breakthrough the Allied lines at Ypres in early November. The BEF was bled dry, but the Allied line narrowly held. Mobile warfare was replaced by the deadlock of the Western Front, a deadlock that wouldn’t be broken for over three years. 

1914: Glory’s End covers the first three months of the Great War on the western front, from the Guns of August to First Ypres. This oft-gamed campaign receives a unique treatment, emphasizing playability without compromising on historical feel. Units are mostly corps of four steps (two counters per unit), along with a few especially strong (or weak) brigades and divisions, along with counters for the feared German Krupp and Skoda guns. The corps level Order of Battle accurately reflects the operational doctrine of the campaign, while also limiting the number of counters on the map to an easy-to-manage level.

The game scale is 9.5 miles per hex and three days per turn. The campaign game runs a full 30 turns, but the new edition will include not only a previously published mini-scenario on the Battle of the Marne, but a short ten turn campaign scenario covering the decisive opening weeks of the war. In addition the campaign games can be played in historical or free set-up versions.

1914: Glory’s End uses an Igo-Hugo system with two types of combat to demonstrate the tactical realities of the campaign: Prepared Combat and March Combat. Prepared Combat allows you to bring all your adjacent units to bear against a defending hex, but only with units that don’t move. This gives the defender time to reinforce, retreat, or pre-empt your combat with his own attack. To avoid this, you can “attack off the march” during your movement, but March Combat may only be delivered by a single stack at a time, limiting the force you can bring to bear. Furthermore, March Combat cannot be used against entrenched enemy units.

The coming of trench warfare is reflected by a unique Entrenchment rule: starting on turn 10 players may entrench one or two hexes per turn, PLUS any hexes adjacent to enemy trenches. The result is that trenches appear first as a tactical consideration, but then turn into a strategic problem as they spread with ever-increasing rapidity along the front. 

1914: Glory’s End manages to cover all the important characteristics of the campaign (with rules for forts, cavalry, command and control breakdowns, supply, strategic rail movement, Allied sea movement, German forced marching, Plan XVII, Paris in Danger! and more) while remaining easy to play. The new GMT version will of course incorporate all errata from the original edition, but adds updated artwork, a corrected historical campaign Order of Battle, additional scenarios, and a tweaked set of rules. 

A truly elegant design, a nominee for a Charles S. Roberts award (Best pre-WWII game) it remains popular and played almost twenty years after its first publication. With this new boxed edition, GMT is pleased to bring 1914: Glory’s End back in a new improved form. Can you prevent the bloody stalemate of the Western Front? The trumpets call you to Victory in 1914-or Glory’s End!


  • Two 176 counter 5/8th countersheets
  • One standard large hex mapsheet
  • Two player aids cards
  • Two Mobilization Roster cards
  • One rulebook
  • Two standard dice 

Designer: Ted Raicer